The Argolis peninsula, which separates the Saronic and Argolic Gulfs, is steeped in legend and history. The town of Argos, from which the region takes its name, is thought to be the longest continually inhabited town in Greece. Argolis was the seat of power of the Mycenaean empire that ruled Greecefrom 1600 to 1100 BC. Traces of this mighty civilisation lie scattered across the region in the shape of tholos (tombs shaped like beehives), citadels and ancient theatres. The Venetian seafront town of Nafplio, the first ever capital of Greece, makes a handy base for ventures into the surrounding countryside.